How to backup Mac with Time Machine

The feature was introduced with OS X 10.5 Leopard and is still considered one of the best programs on the Mac. Time Machine is one of the easiest ways to back up your Mac, as well as rest and recover individual files and restore your entire hard disk in case of disaster.

How does the Time Machine?

Time Machine works with any hard disk connected to the computer via USB, FireWire or Thunderbolt. It also supports Time Capsule from Apple and the drives connected through a network, provided that they support Apple File Protocol.

If this feature is enabled, the backup program Apple periodically makes snapshots of all files and directories, storing them on an external hard drive or Time Capsule. The program creates a backup of the entire contents of a disk, hourly, daily and weekly. When the drive becomes full it deletes the oldest backup and replace them with new versions.

It is better than traditional copying heaps of files to cloud storage or to clone hard drive to external media. You don't have to completely restore the whole hard drive if you lose just one file. Time Machine can restore certain image, folder, and other files from your multi-level backup system.

On laptops with OS X Yosemite or later, the program has a function which allows to make local snapshots when you're away from your backup disk once a day (once a week).

Local snapshots do will be to take a portion of your hard drive on the laptop, but if the hard drive will remain less than 20%, the program will automatically delete old backups.

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How to exclude certain folders from the backups?

To do this go to System preferences → Time Machine, click Settings and select all folders you want to exclude from backup.

How to enable the backup in Time Machine on Mac

  1. Select System preferences from the Apple menu.
  2. Select the icon for Time Machine.
  3. Click to Choose backup drive.
  4. Select the drive on which you want to save your Time Machine backup.
  5. Check the check box "Create backup automatically".

How to restore files from a Time Machine backup

  1. Select System preferences from the Apple menu.
  2. Select the icon for Time Machine.
  3. Select the check box next to Show Time Machine in menu bar.
  4. Press to Enter the Time Machine, after clicking on the Time Machine icon in the menu bar.
  5. Locate the file or folder and click Restore.

The program will copy the selected file or folder to its original location on the hard disk.

How to restore system from Time Machine backup

If you have any serious problems with the system or hard drive, the program will help to restore the system or install it on a new hard drive.

  1. Turn on your Mac and hold down Command and R on the keyboard. You will be taken to the system restore. You should, you will see a screen Utility macOS.
  2. Select Restore from a Time Machine backup and click Continue.
  3. Read information about system restore, and click Continue.
  4. Select your Time Machine backup and click Continue.
  5. Select the most recent backup of the hard disk and click Continue. The utility will begin to recover once the surgery is over, the computer will restart.

If you flew hard drive, and you replaced it, then he will not have the recovery partition. But fear not, you can restore the system by running recovery mode from the storage disk a Time Machine backup. Just hold the Option (Alt) when you start the computer and select the external hard drive with Time Machine.

Issues of utility Time Machine?

I hope this article has helped to understand you work with "time Machine" from Apple. Be sure to use it, so you do not regret, because you never know when you'll need to restore a file or system. Do you use the utility Time Machine? If not why not? Write in the comments.

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